Albert Bandura was born December 4, 1925. He was a Canadian-born American psychologist and originator of social cognitive theory who is probably best known for his modeling study on aggression, referred to as the “Bobo doll” experiment, which demonstrated that children can learn behaviours through the observation of adults. He died on July 26, 2021.
Source – Britannica.
Top 25 Albert Bandura Quotes on psychology (“Bobo doll” experiment):
. People who have a sense of self-efficacy bounce back from failure; they approach things in terms of how to handle them rather than worrying about what can go wrong.
2. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling from others.
3. The human mind is generative, creative, proactive, and reflective — not just reactive.
4. In order to succeed, people need a sense of self-efficacy, to struggle together with resilience to meet the inevitable obstacles and inequities of life.
5. Psychology cannot tell people how they ought to live their lives. It can however, provide them with the means for effecting personal and social change.
6. Most of the images of reality on which we base our actions are really based on vicarious experience.
7. Where everyone is responsible, no one is really responsible.
8. Some of the most important determinants of life paths arise through the most trivial of circumstances.
9. People’s beliefs about their abilities have a profound effect on those abilities. Ability is not a fixed property; there is huge variablitiy in how you perform.
10. The content of most textbooks is perishable, but the tools of self-directedness serve one well over time.
11. Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do.
12. It requires a strong sense of responsibility to be a good functionary. In situations involving obedience to authority, people carry out orders partly to honor the obligations they have undertaken. One must, therefore, distinguish between two levels of responsibility—duty to one’s superiors, and accountability for the effects of one’s actions.
13. What is immoral to do is immoral to threaten.
14. Perpetrators absolve their harmful behavior as serving worthy causes.
15. Given appropriate social conditions, decent, ordinary people can be led to do extraordinarily cruel things.
16. It requires conducive social conditions, rather than monstrous people, to produce heinous deeds.
17. It’s in our ability to selectively engage and disengage our moral standards, and it helps explain how people can be barbarically cruel in one moment and compassionate the next.
18. People who believe they have the power to exercise some measure of control over their lives are healthier, more effective and more successful than those who lack faith in their ability to effect changes in their lives.
19. Analyses of moral disengagement mechanisms usually draw heavily on examples from military and political violence. This tends to convey the impression that selective disengagement of self-sanctions occurs only under extraordinary circumstances. The truth is quite the contrary. Such mechanisms operate in everyday situations in which decent people routinely perform activities having injurious human effects, to further their own interests or for profit.
20. Coping with the demands of everyday life would be exceedingly trying if one could arrive at solutions to problems only by actually performing possible options and suffering the consequences.
21. Accomplishment is socially judged by ill defined criteria so that one has to rely on others to find out how one is doing.
22. Authorities usually invite and support detrimental conduct in insidious ways that minimize personal responsibility for what is happening. Moreover, the intended purpose of sanctioned destructiveness is usually disguised so that neither issuers nor perpetrators regard their actions as censurable. When reprehensible practices are publicized, they are officially dismissed as only isolated incidents arising through misunderstanding of what had, in fact, been authorized.
23. The higher the level of people’s perceived self-efficacy, the wider the range of career options they seriously consider, the greater their interest in them, and the better they prepare themselves educationally for the occupational pursuits they choose.
24. In the final forms of moral disengagement, wrongdoers treat adversaries as subhuman animalistic, demonic beings. Expunging any sense of shared humanity eliminates moral restraints.
25. Moral justification is a powerful disengagement mechanism. Destructive conduct is made personally and socially acceptable by portraying it in the service of moral ends. This is why most appeals against violent means usually fall on deaf ears.